Sunday, January 12, 2020

Single Sex Are Better For All Students Essay

Single sex schools will help students improve in a majority of things. Single sex schools are better for all students because they improve the students’ behavior, grades and health. Single sex schools are better for students because they are not surrounded by students who pick on the opposite sex constantly. The students would not have to worry about being shy because the opposite sex does not attend to the school. At certain ages, opposite sex in the same class can be a distraction. The students seem to relieve more pressure with the other gender not being there and that helps them more than people actually think. Few educators are formally trained to use gender-specific teaching technique. However, it is no secret that experienced teachers usually understand gender differences and accommodating a variety of learning styles in the mixed-gender classrooms. This is that the students actually behave with the other gender not being in the same room Educating single-sex schools limit their opportunity to work cooperatively and co-exist successfully with members of the opposite sex. Students are able to cooperate more without the opposite sex being in the same classroom. Secondly, the grades of the students are very important. The grades are important because in some cases, it could help the student get an acceptance letter to a good college. This is why students should keep grades above average and also get involved sports. Test scores would be higher and the school’s academic success would be increased by being in a single sex school. Students would stay in school rather than drop out because they feel like someone cares about their education. Single sex schools would have better connection with their students. Students would also have high class grades because they can focus more without the other gender.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Does the law in ADAMS v CAPE PLC still good law or should further reform prevail - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 7 Words: 2117 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Law Essay Type Analytical essay Level High school Did you like this example? Does the law in ADAMS v CAPE PLC still good law or should further reform prevail? The approach in Adams v Cape plc in lifting the veil of incorporation has always been a debatable issue. Despite the obvious economic connection between companies within the same group, English company law has steadfastly maintained its policy of treating such companies as distinct legal entities. . To lift or not to lift the veil of incorporation is a matter for the court to decide in each and every case. Should the approach in Adams v Cape plc ltd (1990) continue to be used or statutory provisions should come into play? Years ago the English Courts had established the basic principle of separate corporate personality: à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“the corporation has a separate existence from the shareholderà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  per Vaughan Williams J in Salomon v Salomon. It is the leading case on the fundamental importance of the separate personality of a company. A distinct legal personality can own and deal with property, sue and be sued in its own name and contract on its own behalf. The emergence of group structures in UK was to curtail tax as the Corporate Structures became more prominent. When we speak of lifting the veil of incorporation it equals to a veil which stands in between the company and its members, employees, employers and shareholders. If the veil of incorporation is removed both bodies would be treated as a single legal entity. Just like in any state of affairs we have a conqueror and a loser, the Court often founds itself into the quandary as whether to lift or not to lift the veil of incorporation to determine where the loss lie, more explicitly who will bear the burden of costs. The Court will either award an injunction; Gilford motor Company Ltd v Horne (1933), specific performance; Jones v Lipman (1962) or damages. An enhanced picture of Group companies consist of a parent A ltd which is the chief company and its two subsidiaries X ltd and Y ltd. If A ltd runs its most perilous business through X ltd and in the event X ltd collapse or goes into liquidation and a person is injured while working, the question which arises is whether the parent company A ltd should be liable for its subsidiaries. In economic reality there is a sole business pertaining work through three different legal personalities. Yet again the question is should the veil be lifted or not. In Re A Company (1985) it was held that irrespective of corporate structure used, the veil will be lifted to achieve justice. The key case regarding parent and Subsidiaries Company is Adams v Cape Plc Ltd (1990). Its judgement has drastically narrowed the ability of the courts to lift the veil. Here the subsidiaries found in the US mined asbestos and when Adam while working in one of Cape Ltd subsidiaries was injured sought relief against the parent company fund in the UK. The Court of Appeal revised this complex area of law and concluded that the veil should be lifted in three conditions. Primarily where the corporate structure is a mere faÃÆ' §ade concealing the true facts. Furthermore if an express agency relationship exists between a company and its shareholders or between a parent and subsidiary company in a group structure. Thirdly where the group of companies is in reality a single economic entity. The motive of the subsidiary company in Adams was to prevent tax and there were no express agency agreement since parent company had no control over the subsidiary company. Therefore, the Court didnà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢t lift the veil of incorporation. If one of the above three issues are present the veil of incorporation will be lifted. Otherwise the Salomon principle applies. We has had statutory intervention under s.399 CA 2006 where parent companies have a duty to produce Group accounts and under s.409 CA 2006 they have to provide details of shares it holds in the subsidiaries and subsidiaries names and country of activity. Also s.993 CA 2006 introduces the criminal offence of fraudulent trading. Nevertheless the Court has always been keen and watchful in safeguarding the corporate veil. Sec 213-215 Insolvency Act 1986 deal veil lifting. Since the Corporate form was being used as an instrument of fraud namely fraudulent trading s.213 Insolvency Act 1986 came into play but the dilemma was that we had to prove intent which was difficult and attracted criminal charge of imprisonment and fine. S.213 of the Insolvency Act 1986 deals with situation where any business of the company carries intent to defraud and applies to everyone. The purpose of this section was to restrict fraudulent trading, nonetheless, the high standard of proof as required by the court negated its effect due to the possibility of a criminal charge arising. s.214 Insolvency Act 1986 on the other hand applies mainly to directors who had been negligent leading to the insolvency of the company for example in Re Produce Marketing Consortium Ltd (19 89) the 2 directors were liable to pay  £75000 to the debts of the company since they didnà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢t put the company in liquidation before it reached to the point of insolvency. Since Adams the Court has lifted the veil of incorporation in various state of affairs. For example in tort in Lubbe v Cape Plc (2000), the parent company owed a duty of care to anybody injured by subsidiary company in a group and in Chandler v Cape Plc (2011) duty of care has been breached by parent company. The point in tort is that a personal injury caused by a UK subsidiary operating in a jurisdiction with a developed country such as USA will not give rise to any liability on part of the parent company but a personal injury caused by a subsidiary of a UK company in an underdeveloped jurisdiction will. In addition, if the tort is deceit rather than negligent, Court will allow liability to flow to director or employee. In so far the court has extended the principle of lifting the veil of incorporation in various new situations which arose and the Court was left to the choice of whether to lift the corporate veil or not. Location Title Words Matched Match (%) Unique Words Matched Unique Match (%) Documents found to be plagiarised https://www.icaew.com/en/technical/legal-and-regulatory/company-law/directors-duties-and-derivative-actions Directors duties and derivative actions | Modernising UK 244 10 244 10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallersteiner_v_Moir_(No_2)Wallersteiner v Moir (No 2) Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 45 2 45 2 https://quizlet.com/20863950/company-11-majority-rule-flash-cards/Company 11 : Majority rule flashcards | Quizlet 664 27 534 22 https://www.routledge.com/cw/revision2/p/company/Company Law Routledge Revision61 3 0 1 https://law.oxy.co/the-doctrine-of-foss-v-harbottle-94620/The doctrine of foss v harbottle Online law school 77 3 0 1 https://quizlet.com/30315857/company-law-shareholder-cases-flash-cards/Company Law Shareholder Cases flashcards | Quizlet 31 1 0 1 https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2006/46/part/11/chapter/1/enactedCompanies Act 2006 legislation 140 6 0 1 https://www.scribd.com/doc/82932029/Shareholders-Derivative-ClaimsShareholders Derivative Claims Scribd Read Unlimited Books 47 2 0 1 https://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld200506/ldbills/098/06098.110-115.htmlCompany Law Reform Bill [HL] 103 4 0 1 https://www.kenyalawresourcecenter.org/2011/07/majority-rule-foss-vs-harbottle-1843.html Kenya Law Resource Center: MAJORITY RULE ( Foss vs 64 3 10 1 https://www.mondaq.com/x/54792/Directors+Officers/A+Guide+To+The+Companies+Act+2006+Part+1 A Guide To The Companies Act 2006 Part 1 Corporate 95 4 0 1 https://www.lawteacher.net/free-law-essays/business-law/development-of-statutory-derivative-actions-business-law-essay.php Development of Statutory Derivative Actions | Law Teacher 50 2 0 1 https://www.lees.co.uk/news/protection-for-minority-shareholders /Protection for minority shareholders Lees Solicitors 78 3 34 1 https://www.mondaq.com/x/131408/Directors+Officers+Executives+Shareholders/Minority+Shareholders+Protection+In+Cyprus+Remedies+Available Minority Shareholders Protection In Cyprus ÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“ Remedies 17 1 0 1 https://www.scribd.com/doc/155477950/Book-by-Dignam-and-Lowry-Company-LawBook by Dignam and Lowry Company Law Scribd 613 25 49 2 https://falguni-moyeed.blogspot.com/2011/05/s260-of-company-act-2006-is-unnecessary.html S.260 of Company Act 2006 is an unnecessary piece of legislation. 198 8 0 1 https://quizlet.com/22921227/derivative-claims-flash-cards/DERIVATIVE CLAIMS flashcards | Quizlet 129 5 0 1 https://www.legal500.com/assets/images/stories/firmdevs/shareholders_protection.docwww.legal500.com 17 1 0 1 https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2006/46/section/260Companies Act 2006 Legislation.gov.uk 48 2 0 1 https://www.out-law.com/page-8207Remedies where there is a breach of directors duties 40 2 0 1 https://www.mondaq.com/x/52870/Corporate+Governance/New+Derivative+Action+May+Lead+To+Increased+Claims+Against+Directors New Derivative Action May Lead To Increased Claims Against 18 1 0 1 https://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200506/cmbills/190/06190.111-117.htmlCompany Law Reform Bill [HL] 114 5 0 1 https://www.scribd.com/doc/196444315/76768383-Company-Law-Guide76768383 Company Law Guide 613 25 0 1 Matching Content: 40%. Moreover in Prest v Petrodel [2013] seven companies held by Mr Prest a very wealthy man could be transferred to his wife upon dissolution of their marriage as ancillary relief during Matrimonial proceedings. While the defence of Mr Prest was that his companies should have separate legal entity, the Court of Appeal held that the corporate veil will be pierced in very limited circumstances. Firstly where there is a deliberate abuse of a corporate entity (i.e. to hide behind the corporate veil) for improper pu rposes and secondly the specific facts show that the assets are genuinely held on trust for a party to the proceedings. The reason why Mrs Prest succeeded in her claim was due to the special facts of her case. At various time Mr Prest tried to conceal the fact that the seven companies were held on trust for him. Moreover both he and the company failed to cooperate with disclosure allowed the court to infer that Mr Prest and the companies were attempting to hide the true beneficial owner of the properties. However it should be noted in this case, Lord Sumption sheds light on the nature and extent of the doctrine. He extracted principles which are concealment and evasion principles. In the first principle we have to investigate as to who are the à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"real actorsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ that is . the real controller of the company just like in Gilford Motors v Horne. In the latter principle, the Court pierces the veil to prevent a party from avoiding a legal obligation by virtue of the fact that they have interposed a company in an attempt to defeat a right which will be enforced against them. To conclude with the question of whether to lift the veil of incorporation or not will depend on each and every case. The Court has always respected the legal personality of a company and will lift the veil in very limited conditions. The separate legal personality of the company has been established for more than a century, the decades that have intervened have encouraged a belief in this principle but have also allowed exceptions to the concept when lifting of this corporate veil is permitted for example in situations of fraud, or sham. Nevertheless the courts have the power to continue developing the law in this area when public policy requires it. It can be seen in Prest v Petrodel (2013) that a director can be liable to contribute to the debts of the company if he has been negligent in the company going into insolvent liquidation and did nothing to prevent that. The veil will be pierced if subsidiaries have been created with motive of defrauding creditors or to prevent a transaction. Moreover, if the subsidiary company worked under the control of the parent company and there was an express agency agreement between the two such that the two are inter-linked. If tort is deceit instead of negligent liability will flow to employees or director. Furthermore, the Court wonà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢t be easily fooled if someone tried consistently to conceal facts which are of utmost importance for the Court. Thus there is currently the possibility of extension of the law at the courtsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ discretion. My study of the law in this area leads me to the conclusion that the case for more radical reform of liabilities within groups has not been made. The law as it currently stands reflects the balance that is required between the needs of the economy and the needs of justice. Words: 1687 Bibliography Wikipedia University of Leceister ( pdf notes) Lawteacher.net Corporatewatch.org.uk Secondary sources Recent developments of company law (UOL) Alan Dignam and John Lowry . In this category most specifically we refer to sham. In Gilford Motor CO ltd v Horne (1933), a former employee was bound by a contractual obligation not to solicit customers from his former employer after he left the job. To avoid the contractual obligation horne incorporate a company and solicit customers. The court found that it was in the interest of justice for the court to act as the new company was a sham. Similarly in jones v lipman the court held that company was a sham and was an attempt to avod a pre existing legal oblgation. the court gave an order for specific performance for the house to be transferred to the original purchasers. Company Law Textbook Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Does the law in ADAMS v CAPE PLC still good law or should further reform prevail?" essay for you Create order

Friday, December 27, 2019

Where You Live Influences Health and Well-Being Essay

Social science has proven that where you live can influence your health and well-being in either a positive or negative way. Living in poverty and growing up in a deprived neighbourhood has a direct link to various social problems such as a lack of employment opportunities, poor housing conditions, educational problems, lack of amenities, and not feeling safe in your neighbourhood. These disparities are especially prevalent amongst minority communities due to their lower socioeconomic status (CDC), and are happening in our own community. Therefore, I propose that we as a group volunteer our time to raise awareness, combat the negative effects of poverty with the use of outreach and advocacy schemes, and be aware of the possible opposition†¦show more content†¦In addition, minority groups living in America are more likely to face disparities in regards to the following: education, prison sentences, arrests, lower pay, and unemployment (Minority Rights). These issues have rea l, dangerous implications for young people and can affect them throughout their whole life. Elis Cose, a cultural critic, wrote in a column for USA Today, â€Å"Black youngsters are much more likely than whites to be stuck in second-rate schools—or in lower tracks in decent schools—and to face a future of joblessness or marginal employment (Racial Disparities).† Overall, these disparities are highly connected to the unfortunate fact that many live in deprived neighborhoods; and therefore, experience all the social disadvantages that this brings (Crime and Race). Three components—physical, mental, and social—make up health and well-being. Living in poverty can negatively affect all three components (BetterHealth). Poverty is not just about lacking money but is more complex as it can affect everyday living in countless ways. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2013 Health Disparities and Inequalities Report findings demonstrate that every aspect of health is worse for people living in deprived circumstances. Poverty leads people to feel hopeless, powerless, and inferior, and these emotions have powerful negative effectsShow MoreRelatedHealth / Wellness And Illness1551 Words   |  7 PagesHealth and wellness is a state of well-being when an individual is completely capable physically, psychologically, and socially. Everyone has a different view of what healthy means due to their age, gender, race, beliefs, and the environment they live in. Comparing Health/Wellness and Illness/Disease When comparing health and wellness to disease and illness there are various differences and some similarities. 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Thursday, December 19, 2019

Raising Children in Tomorrows World - 1120 Words

‘Raising children in tomorrow’s world will be more challenging than ever before.’ Discuss. The ancient proverb â€Å"it takes a village to raise a child† illustrates the arduousness of raising children. One’s children are probably the biggest, most uncertain and risky investment in his or her life. Judging by the popularity of self-help books on how to bring up children ‘correctly’, it is evident that many parents are having trouble in child-raising, and are desperately seeking help in it. However, this is not a new phenomenon as parenting troubles have a long history. Today, the problem has manifested in our modern world and parents still face a load of challenges in raising their children and these problems are set to worsen due to the†¦show more content†¦The internet is another source of influence. Children may stumble upon mature content like pornography. Studies have shown that children exposed to mature content at a young age are more likely to grow up being promiscuous themselves. Proper upbringing by parents can make a child le ss likely to be a delinquent later in life. Therefore in this aspect, raising children in tomorrow’s world will be more challenging then before. As modernization and globalization takes place, the standard of living increases and this means that parents will need to dedicate more time to work for a higher pay check. Furthermore, in light of the global recession, parents are likely to work harder to keep their jobs. This limits the time they get to spend with their children which in turn leads to lesser time to teach and guide the children. It may seem ironic that many parents are working so hard to bring home bread and give their children a good life and education but sequentially have no time to spare time when it comes to the upbringing of the children. 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Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Ancient history Cartimandua

Question: Discuss about the Ancient history for Cartimandua. Answer: Introduction Cartimandua was the female ruler of a tribe called Brigantes during the time of a Roman emperors organized conquest of Britain. Cartimandua was considered to be a strong ally to the Roman Empire and was described as the queen of the Brigantes in the Annals by the Roman historian named Tacitus. There has been the record of a few number of female leaders in the Roman empire, who were as fierce and strong as Cartimandua. Cartimandua plays a significant role in the capture of Britain by the Romans and hence was known as a strong ally to the Roman empire. The report analyzes the portrayal of Cartimandua in the ancient history and modern perspective based on a number of factors (Highham, 2013). Ancient history analysis In the ancient history, Cartimandua has been described in a negative role due to her personality. As she was loyal to the Roman Empire, she betrayed Caratacus, a British resistance leader, which in turn led to his capture. Caratacus initially sought the protection from Cartimandua, before being betrayed by her. She has been portrayed as an anti-social character in the Roman history due to a large number of negative activities of which she was a part of. She was criticized heavily for her self-indulgence in sexual impropriety of rejecting her husband for a common soldier (Hanson, 2012). She has been defined to be a bad person in the ancient history also because of her betrayal to all of her relatives. Cartimandua seized her brother and relatives to have the full control of the tribe and to support the Roman empire. She betrayed and divorced her husband to replace him with the common soldier named Vellocatus, who was the armor-bearer of Venutius. So all the ancient history mentions of Cartimandua by Tacitus is evil and anti-social (Haselgrove, 2015). Modern perspective analysis Even if Cartimandua has been portrayed in a bad manner in the ancient history, she has been described as a strong and formidable leader in a number of modern perspective version of the Roman history. For example, Barbara Erskine describes Cartimandua as a young princess who went through a lot of twist and turns along with a number of tragedies to become one of the strongest queens in the Roman history. Barbara Erskine wrote a novel named, Daughters of Fire and portrayed Cartimandua as a strong and independent lady, who carved out a success path for herself through a war between Rome and Britain along with a society dominated by the males. She has been portrayed as a feminist and a role model for the display of her courage and her determination to be victorious in all wars fought (Hartley, 2013). George Shipway also described Cartimandua as one of the most important character in his novel Imperial governor, which is based on the success of a Roman general, Gaius Suetonius Paulinus who overcame a number of revolts to maintain the strength of the Roman Empire. Cartimandua has been portrayed as the ally and lover of the Roman general, Gaius Suetonius Paulinus and has been considered to have an important role in the success of the Roman general (Pham, 2014). In almost all of the modern novels, Cartimandua has been portrayed as a shining example of feminism and women empowerment during the Roman Empires quest to capture Britain. She has been compared with other strong female leaders like Boudicca, who was known to be the queen of the Iceni tribe. Conclusion Though both the ancient history and books describe Cartimandua as a fierce leader and also the queen of the Brigantes tribe. The ancient history stresses on her character, whereas the modern depictions describe her achievements. The ancient history portrays Cartimandua portrays her as very self-indulged, greedy and power-hungry. The modern depictions however have described the queen as a strong and formidable leader, who faced many tragedies to find success in a male-dominated society (Arch, 2015). References Arch, D., 2015. The Star Crossed Queen. Hanson, W., 2012. Britain, Roman conquest of (4396). The Encyclopedia of War. Hartley, B.R., 2013. Some problems of the Roman military occupation of the north of England. Northern History. Haselgrove, C., 2015. Cartimandua's capital? The late Iron Age royal site at Stanwick, North Yorkshire; fieldwork and analysis 19812011. Highham, N.J., 2013. Brigantia revisited. Northern History. Pham, M.V., 2014. Hadrian's Wall: A Study in Function.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

To Kill a Mockingbird Scout Essay Example For Students

To Kill a Mockingbird Scout Essay In the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, Scout learns valuable lessons on the evil of prejudice present in her Southern town of Maycomb, on the true nature of courage, and on the dangers of judging others before â€Å"†¦climbing into their skin and walking around in it.† Set in the mid 1930s, Scout Finch is a young girl living with her older brother, Jem, and her lawyer father. Being a kid, Scout has the simple duties of a minor, to have fun and to stay out of trouble. But along the way, she also learns many important things. Although the majority of her hometown is prejudiced, Scout’s innocent mind remains non prejudice and caring of others. To her, all is equal, so therefore, should be treated equal. There is no doubt that Scout’s character is one whom is an individual, someone whom will stick to her own perspective no matter how cruel and racist other people can be. In her adult world, Scout learns to treat all people fairly with dignity and respect. We will write a custom essay on To Kill a Mockingbird Scout specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now One of the most important role models in Scout’s life, is her father, Atticus. Atticus is a small town lawyer who deals with a very tough case involving a black man and his rights. Although Atticus is a single father, he manages to teach his children right from wrong. He makes it a common practice to live his life as he would like his children to live theirs, and therefore displays the characteristics of an honest, respectable, and kind man. Atticus demonstrates his feelings for example, by showing the highest respect for everyone in Maycomb, regardless of their color or class. His serious defense for Tom Robinson, a black man accused of raping a white woman, proves his high ideals. Throughout the trial process, Atticus shows Jem and Scout that a true person is standing up for what you believe in, and all human beings, despite their race, deserve respect. Atticus not only shows his non prejudice ways through defending Tom Robinson, but also through his everyday dealings with C alpurnia, the cook. He refuses to fire Calpurnia despite Aunt Alexander’s wishes, showing the high value he puts on Calpurnia. Atticus even goes as far to say he considers Calpurnia as a faithful member of the family. By doing this, Atticus hopes to show Scout and Jem that he still treats Calpurnia as an equal, even though she is black. Through her everyday life, Scout is able to gain a sense of what it means to be courageous. In the beginning of the novel, Scout faces terrible encounters with her neighbor, Mrs. Dubose. Mrs. Dubose often shouted vicious comments and criticized the children as they passed, though they have tried in every way to treat her in the kindest manner. One day, however, after Mrs. Dubose’s comments got out of hand, Jem cuts off the tops of her camellias in a rage. Attticus finds out about it and orders him to apologize immediately. Unfortunately, for Jem, his punishment is to read to Mrs. Dubose for an hour each day for a month. Left with no cho ice, Jem gathers up his courage and heads to her house everyday after school. Being a faithful sister, Scout sticks to her brother’s side and makes the horrible trips with him. Shortly after the end of Jem’s punishment, the children find out that Mrs. Dubose had passed away from cancer. Atticus explains to the children that Mrs. Dubose acted in such a bitter manner because she was going through such pain, and not because of her intentions. As a result, Jem and Scout learn about death and they gain an understanding for the type of person Mrs. Dubose was and her views of life. When Scout and Jem first meet Dill, their daily adventures become more exciting. After hearing the gruesome tales of Boo Radley from Jem, Dill thinks up games about Boo. Although these games are simply for amusement, they later teach the children about respect and understanding. In the beginning, Boo represents the unknown. The children wonder about Boo and his strange way of life, but really have no idea of who he is. At one point, the children trespass the Radley property in hopes of finding some clue which will better explain Boo’s character. As the story progresses, Boo becomes more of a symbol of kindness and bravery than that of a freak, which he is thought to be. He leaves treasures for the children in the hollow trunk of a tree, and watches out for Jem and Scout whenever possible. In the end, Scout realizes that Boo is not a monster at all, but simply a person whom is misunderstood by the people of Maycomb. .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f , .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f .postImageUrl , .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f , .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f:hover , .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f:visited , .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f:active { border:0!important; } .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f:active , .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ua21a1c8e9e761e5e154d1124211cb19f:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Julius Caesar4 EssayAt the end of the story, both Jem and Scout have better perspectives on racism and human dignity. They learn about prejudice, courage, and judging others. Though racism is a controversial matter in their town, Jem and Scout manage to dodge from other peoples’ ideas and secure their own. For example, throughout Tom Robinson’s trial, Jem and Scout keep their beliefs about his innocence. They saw him for who he was, not for the color of his skin. Later on, Scout also realizes that she was the same towards Boo Radley. When she first meets him, she learns how unfair she had been to him, believing all the horrible stories without actually knowin g him. Harper Lee’s timeless classic teaches a great lesson to many readers. She strongly emphasizes the rights and equality of all people. Many themes are contained in the novel, such as morality, innocence, and growing up. Her symbolism of the mockingbird in the book depicts people such as Boo Radley and Tom Robinson. These two people are discriminated against because of other peoples’ assumptions and negative viewpoints.

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Leadership Styles in Nursing free essay sample

Managers with leadership styles that seek and value contributions from staff, promote a climate in which information is shared effectively, promote decision making at the staff nurse level, exert position power, and influence coordination of work to provide a milieu that maintains a stable cadre of nurses. This statement describes the large impact a leadership style can make on the work environment, and the morale of the team. In nursing history, several theories and leadership styles have been explored. This paper will discuss: the importance of leadership in nursing, the authoritarian and democratic leadership styles, how they can be implemented in practice, and how they can either help or hinder professional nursing practice. Review of Professional Nursing Literature The importance of leadership in nursing is continuing to present itself time and again, especially as technology improves, and healthcare changes and evolves. What is unique about leadership in nursing is that nurses as leaders have the ability to impact and improve practice (Curtis, De Vries Sheerin, 2011). We will write a custom essay sample on Leadership Styles in Nursing or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In addition to leadership being an important component to the nurse’s role, leadership style also has been found to have a significant impact on nurse’s objective to remain on particular unit (Boyle, Bott, Hansen, Woods Taunton, 2009). The paper next describes two leadership styles that may be implemented in practice. The authoritarian leadership style has been compared with a dictatorship, meaning that one person has the authority over the employees. This type of leader is often the one in charge of making the plans for the whole group or unit, and the employees or subordinates are expected to carry out the plan according to that leader. Authoritarian leadership style promotes a one-sided conversation which can restrict the creative and leadership skills of the employees (Boyle, Bott, Hansen, Woods Taunton, 2009). Often times an authoritarian leader has full control of those around them, and believes to have complete authority to treat them as they want. An authoritarian leader would provide instructions without looking for inputs and superintend his or her nurses in a close manner. However, problems may arise if a nurse must wait for the managers decision or direction before taking action regarding a patient. Although the authoritarian leadership style can be viewed as undesirable, it has proved to be very efficient in emergent and stressful situations. One of the key benefits of authoritarian leadership is the fact that decision making becomes much more simple and fast, as the leader doesnt have to consult or convince anybody. Basically authoritarian leadership can work wonders for the organization when decision making has to be quick and during some crisis. In a democratic leadership style, the decision making process and overall responsibility among team members is shared. Decisions are made by the leader consulting each member of the team; therefore the outcome becomes a group effort. In the democratic leadership style, tasks are delegated to employees effectively, where the implementation is mostly in their hands. As opposed to the authoritarian leadership style, the democratic leader welcomes feedback from every team member. Team members are also encouraged to function as a leader in terms of decision-making and execution of decisions (VESTERINEN, ISOLA PAASIVAARA, 2009). The democratic leadership style enforces a work environment where everyone is allowed to contribute to the decision-making process. This not only gives a certain amount of importance and authority to the team members, but also makes them more responsible as the burden of executing the choices they have made rests on their own shoulder. Involving more members in the decision-making process enables the team to reach to best solution possible. The variety of viewpoints allows the team to deal with every challenge after analyzing each perspective, and provide solutions in the same manner. By allowing everyone to be a part of the process, this leadership style permits creativity. Since everyone is given equal opportunity, a conflict of interest is less likely when this leadership style is implemented. While this type of leadership style values the input of the entire staff, there may not always be time to form a majority opinion when a patients health, or life, depends on fast action. Application of Clinical Example It is appropriate to use the authoritarian leadership style only when decisions have to be made quickly, when theres no need for input, when team agreement isnt necessary for a successful outcome, or when the job to be done is routine and unskilled. This leadership style could be implemented into practice in situations such as a code, when a patient is crashing, or if a disaster had taken place. This type of leadership style would often be appropriate in an urgent care unit, but could likely be used in many areas of nursing where emergencies arise. A specific example of this could be: a middle-aged male enters the emergency room with moderate chest pain. As you begin performing your assessment on him, he suddenly grabs his chest and begins gasping for air. As you have him connected to the vitals monitor you observe that his blood pressure and oxygen saturation begin dropping. At this point the authoritarian leader would take charge and call for immediate assistance. The authoritarian leader would begin delegating tasks to the other nurses and assistive personnel such as: placing oxygen on the patient, and assessing for breath sounds and pulse, and level of consciousness. The staff would continue to carry out the plan of action according to the leader. This situation describes an appropriate scenario of when the authoritarian approach is necessary and beneficial. In an acute situation as this, there is no time to debate the decision-making process. There needs to be one leader who decides the plan of action, and the others need to follow. The authoritarian style versus the democratic style would likely same many lives in these types of scenarios. As the advantages of the authoritarian leadership style have been described is it clear how that style of leadership can benefit nursing practice. However, this type of leadership can also diminish nursing practice. Authoritarian leadership can be detrimental because it often does not allow for open communication and socialization. Employees working under an authoritarian leader may not feel heard, or that their input matters. This can lead to employee dissatisfaction and increased employee turnover (Curtis, De Vries Sheerin, 2011). Particular traits and characteristics that have been shown to enhance leadership rather than diminish it include: sincerity, self-confidence and motivation to manage (Curtis, De Vries Sheerin, 2011). In all professions especially nursing, it is important to create a work environment where employees feel valued and supported. Conclusion Leadership is vital in almost every aspect of life. From the field of education, to a corporate environment, to that of a hospital, and even in a household, the kind of leadership style that is prevalent defines the course of action for the members of the organization (Curtis, De Vries Sheerin, 2011). In the nursing profession several styles of leadership can be used, all having their own advantages and disadvantages. As discussed, in a time of crisis when quick decisions must be made, an authoritarian approach may be most useful. While when deciding the best strategies decrease the occurrence of nosocomial infections, a democratic leadership style may prove to have the most success. The key to enhancing the nursing profession may then therefore be not just finding right leadership style to use, but the appropriate time to use each style.